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Mental Health

Sunday, 15 Rajab 1439 AH - 1 April 2018 AD 1:30 PM-3:30 PM Auditorium 1

Session moderator : Dr Abdulhameed Al Habeeb

Spekers:

1- O-28 : The Saudi National Mental Health Survey: State-of-the-rt Methodology

Speaker: Dr Yasmin Al Twaijri

Time: 1:30 PM-1:50 PM

Dr Yasmin Altwaijri

Senior Scientist and Head of Epidemiology Research

King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center

 

Working on projects that intersect science, health, technology and society, Dr. Yasmin Altwaijri is at the in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Her research interest centers on determining the burden of chronic diseases within the Saudi population in general and among youth in particular. She has been a vocal advocate for policy changes and initiatives aiming at creating an environment which supports healthy lifestyles for the community, in order to reverse the growing obesity epidemic. Working in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization, Dr. Altwaijri is leading the Saudi National Health and Stress Survey, one of the largest health projects in the country, which aims to assess the mental health landscape in the Saudi population and the region, within a global context. Research from this project, which spans genetics to policy outcomes, provides a launchpad for future direction and innovation in the field of mental health. Dr. Altwaijri is also actively involved in many initiatives aiming at Saudi women's empowerment and creating avenues for their contribution to sustainable socioeconomic development. She is a Board Member of the Nahda Philanthropic Organization, and is an Ambassador for 10KSA. Dr. Altwaijri obtained her B.Sc. degree from King Saud University, and her M.Sc. and Ph.D. from Tufts University in the USA.

 

The Saudi National Mental Health Survey: State-of-the-Art Methodology

 

Mental health disorders are a major public health problem worldwide, affecting people of all ages, cultures and socio-economic statuses (Baumeister & Martin, 2007). In 2010, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) became a part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Consortium, which is a mental health initiative that has been undertaken by over 3 countries so far. The Saudi National Mental Health Survey (SNMHS), a state-of-the-art, national epidemiological survey, aims to measure the burden of mental health problems and its comorbidities among the Saudi population.

It relied on a nationally representative sample of 4,004 male and female Saudis  between  the  ages  of  15  and  65,  who  were  selected  randomly.  Face-to-face interviews using the survey instrument, i.e. the Saudi version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), were conducted in the homes of the participants via laptops to ensure excellent accuracy and quality of data collected.

The interviewers’ laptops contained specialized sample management software such as SurveyTrak, a web interface called WebTrak, and a dynamic quality control dashboard called the Quality Control Cube which allowed the project to monitor the progress of the survey activities on a daily basis in real-time.

The survey field data collection was completed in December 2016. Preliminary results show prevalence data for most common mental health disorders in KSA, and prevalence rates across various age groups, gender and education levels.

The survey is also unique in that it collected saliva samples from its respondents to study genetic risk factors for mental health conditions

The SNMHS findings are important in providing a vision for clinicians and health policy makers to establish relevant preventive, therapeutic, and rehabilitation services in the Kingdom.

2- O-29 : Standardization of Neuropsychological Tests for Saudi Children

Speaker: Dr. Haya Al-Joudi

Time: 1:50 PM-2:10 PM

Dr. Haya Al-Joudi

Clinical Psychologist

King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center

 

She is a Saudi raised and US trained clinical psychologist who specializes in neuropsychological assessment.  In her evaluations, she incorporates tests of intelligence, attention, speech/language skills, visuospatial abilities, learning and memory, and executive function for children and adults with questions about their mental capacity due to suspected neurological, neurodevelopmental or acquired deficits. 

Dr. Al-Joudi earned a bachelors degree in psychology, clinical track, from King Saud University. She worked for three years as a neuropsychological assistant at major Saudi Hospitals in Riyadh.  She then received a scholarship from King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Scholarship Program and moved to the United States to pursue her postgraduate education.  She earned a doctorate in clinical psychology from Widener University, with a specialty in neuropsychology. Dr. Al-Joudi has completed a two-year postdoctoral residency in clinical neuropsychology at Johns Hopkins University and Hospital.  Under the supervision of world-renowned neuropsychologists, she assessed candidates for epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease (PD) surgery, as well as patients with suspected dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease and frontotemporal dementia, or neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and early schizophrenia.

 

Standardization of Neuropsychological Tests for Saudi Children

 

Neurological conditions, depending on severity, often produce disability. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, disability in children and adolescents is nearly equal to that in people aged 20-54 combined, with more than half of the disability resulting from neurologically-based conditions. This includes intellectual disabilities and other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, attention-deficient/hyperactivity disorder, and various genetic syndromes manifesting in any of the aforementioned conditions. Global standards for psychological assessment emphasize the importance of culturally sensitive measurements. Results of research on available Arabic cognitive tools for this segment of the population are alarming. A recent literature search revealed a significant lack of culturally appropriate tools for Arabic neurocognitive evaluation. Saudi Arabia can better serve children with disability and join international collaborative efforts in that regard through improving the accurate detection of cognitive impairments. In order to achieve a more precise measurement, the Saudi norm (the normal average/baseline) on intelligence and other cognitive domains must be derived. The literature review identified only few Saudi cognitive tests that were limited to one domain (non-verbal abstract reasoning), which is far from what is examined in a standard evaluation. With accurate diagnosis, the risk of misdiagnosing disabled children decreases, and the possibility of providing suitable academic and occupational placement is increased. Our current ongoing study, supported by King Salman Center for Disability Research, is endeavoring the standardization of psychometric measurements such as intelligence quotient (IQ), language, visuospatial- constructional skills, memory, attention, social and emotional function, and academic achievement. A committee of doctoral-level clinical psychologists, an expert psychometrician, and a number of promising Saudi research interns have begun the groundwork on culturally suitable adaptation of a compiled test battery. Validity and reliability of the battery will be examined, and norming will commence in 2018.  This presentation will shed the light on our effort to establish the first valid and normed neuropsychological battery for Saudi children and adolescents with disability. 

3- O-30 : #TwentyFirstCenturyRecovery: Exploring self-management tools, via Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP), with Mental Health and Acquired Brain Injury populations within Rehab Group, Ireland

Speaker: Dr Denise O’Dwyer

Time: 2:10 PM-2:30 PM

Dr. Denise O’Dwyer

Chartered Psychologist

Rehab Group

 

Dr. Denise O’Dwyer is a Chartered Psychologist and has been working with Rehab Group for a number of years.  Based in the West of Ireland, Denise is situated in Quest Brain Injury Services, Galway. She also covers Adult Mental Health as well as Generalised and Specific Learning Disabilities with The National Learning Network, Mayo.

Having completed her Doctorate in 2015 on Twenty First Century Recovery and Wellness Recovery Action Planning, within the contexts of Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and Adult Mental Health, Denise is a proponent of the application of simple, daily and functional activity, to improve and maintain one’s mental health and wellbeing. Her research, involving 105 service users of The Rehabgroup, showed the depression and anxiety levels of participants in a WRAP programme, significantly lowered, by comparison with their respective wait list counterparts.

Denise recently presented her research, November 2017, at the Annual Psychological Society of Ireland Conference, receiving much professional and academic acclaim for her novel and significant contribution to the world of research in Neuropsychology. She is currently in process with ‘The Irish Psychologist’ to publish her significant research findings.

 

#TwentyFirstCenturyRecovery : Exploring self management tools, via Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP), with Mental Health and Acquired Brain Injury populations within RehabGroup (Quest Brain Injury Services, and The National Learning Network)

 

Given the multiplicity of risk factors for people with acquired brain injury, the provision of appropriately targeted and tailored mental health strategies is vital. This study examined the possibility of Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP) as a suitable intervention in the daily management of mental health issues post injury.  The areas of impact examined were Depression and Anxiety levels.    A between groups case cohort design was employed, to examine and compare the effects of WRAP with Mental Health and ABI populations, as well as their respective wait list control counterparts. Cohen’s-D  observed medium effect sizes in the reduction of Anxiety and Depression. This was the case in both the ABI group ( Cohen’s D for Anxiety  -0.5; Cohen’s D for Depression  -0.7 ) and for the Mental Health group ( Cohen’s D for Anxiety -0.7; Cohen’s D for Depression -0.6) . Results demonstrated the striking potential of WRAP in offering a fresh, novel twenty-first century perspective, in the functional management of daily mental health.  Prior to this study, there was no previous evidence of WRAP having been trialled within the context of ABI. Based on results indicated, it may well be a worthy contender in the functional management of anxiety and depression across populations

4- O-31 : Standardization of Emotional Intelligence Pictorial Scale of normal and special needs children in Saudi Arabia

Speaker: Dr Yossef Eid

Time: 2:30 PM-2:50 PM

Yossef Mohamed Eid

Assistant Professor

Special Education Department, Faculty of Education

King Khalid University

 

Dr. Yossef Mohammed Yossef Eid holds a Ph.D. in therapy of speech disorders from Cairo University and Master in the vocational interests of people with mental disabilities from the same university. Current Work is Assistant Professor of Special Education Faculty of Education, King Khalid University. And head of the Department of Special Education of Buraydah colleges in Saudi Arabia from 2010 to 2013 and worked in The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training in Kuwait. From the scientific contributions, the preparation of the emotional intelligence pictorial test of children and people with special needs, the pictorial test of vocational interests for people with mental disabilities, a psychometric battery of speech and psychological problems and other specialized tests. During this period of university work, he participated in a number of international and Arab conferences in the field of people with disabilities. A number of original researches have also been published in scientific journals in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

 

Standardization of Emotional Intelligence Pictorial Scale of normal and special needs children in Saudi Arabia Kingdom

 

The purpose of this study is to be sure of the validity and reliability of Emotional Intelligence Pictorial Scale of normal and special needs children in Saudi Arabia Kingdom. Also, the study examines the differences between normal and special needs children in Emotional Intelligence and between learning disabilities and mental retardation children in Emotional Intelligence. The last question of the study examines the differences between the elder and the younger normal and special needs children in Emotional Intelligence. A sample was chosen consists of (700) child of primary and inclusion schools in Saudi Arabia Kingdom. For data collection the researcher used “Emotional Intelligence Pictorial Scale” (Eid, 2016). The statistical methods used for data analysis were: Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Mann-Whitney Test. The researcher used the SPSS program for statistical analysis, the findings are: Emotional Intelligence Pictorial Scale has validity and reliability in Saudi Arabia. There is no a statistical significant difference between normal and special needs children in Emotional Intelligence but there is a statistical significant difference in sympathy and motivation for normal children. There is a statistical significant difference between learning disabilities and mental retardation children in Emotional Intelligence for learning disabilities children.  There is a statistical significant difference between the elder and the younger normal and special needs children in Emotional Intelligence for the elder children.

 

5- O-32 : Evidence based knowledge of teachers’ of students’ emotional and behavior needs

Speaker: Dr Abdulkarim Alhossein

Time: 2:50 PM-3:10 PM

Dr Abdulkarim Alhossein

Assistant Professor

Special Education

King Saud University

 

Dr Alhossein is an assistant professor in the Special Education Department at the King Saud University since 2014. Abdulkarim completed his master degree at Northern Colorado University and his Ph.D. at Kent State University. His research interests include evidence-based practices, ADHD, EBD, positive behavior support, ABA.

 

Evidence based knowledge of teachers’ of students’ emotional and behavior needs

 

Many students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) suffer from low behavioral and academic performance, which entails the use of appropriate evidence-based teaching practices that meet students' needs. Studies indicate the importance of using evidence-based practices in teaching these students. Therefore, the current study aimed at measuring teachers' knowledge of evidence-based practices (EBPs) used with students with EBD. 333 teachers participated in this study. The results indicated that the participants had a moderate knowledge about these practices. However, there were differences between them due to gender variable, in favor of females, while there were no differences between the participants based on the major variable, educational level, and years of teaching experience.

6- O-33 : Evaluating Diagnostic and Psychometric Data of Learning Difficulties’ Scales in Arab Research Using COSMIN and QUADAS Checklists, and extent these scales are used in schools

Speaker: Dr Abdulmohsen Almubaddel

Time: 3:10 PM-3:30 PM

Dr Abdulmohsen Rashid Almubaddel,

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology

King Saud University,

 

Former Head of Self-Development Skills, Preparatory Year. Worked as an educational consultant in a number of educational companies, and contributed to the preparation of university courses, participated in many committees inside and outside the university. His interests and scientific research focus on issues related to measurement and psychological and educational evaluation,

 

Evaluating Diagnostic and Psychometric Data of Learning Difficulties’ Scales in Arab Research Using COSMIN and QUADAS Checklists, and extent these scales are used in schools

 

This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and the quality of psychometric characteristics of learning difficulties’ scales used in Arab research, and to explore to which extent these scales are used to diagnose students with learning difficulties in public education schools. The study consists of (22) research in Arabic which contained (9) tools used to identify and diagnose learning difficulties. As for the study sample, it consists of (50) teachers and supervisors for leaning difficulties.  In addition, the quality of psychometric characteristics was evaluated using “COSMIN checklist for psychometric data”; whereas the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using “QUADAS checklist for diagnosis accuracy”.  Moreover, a questioner, developed by the researcher, was used to explore to which extent learning difficulties’ scales are used to diagnose students with learning difficulties in public education schools. Results showed that the number of evidences related to scales’ psychometric characteristics is limited; minimizing findings’ verity related to student with learning difficulties diagnosis. Moreover, threats of the internal basis and concerns related to the applicability of these scales may limit the validity of their psychometric characteristics. This in fact requires carrying further investigations of diagnostic and survey tests for students with learning difficulties. Moreover, results indicated that high percentage of learning difficulties’ teachers and supervisors do not use these scales in diagnosis. Thy tend however to depend on the diagnostic test developed by the General Directorate of Special Education at Ministry of Education.